Phase 3: Interpreting Information

Updated 3 years 11 months ago

In Phase 3, I will collect information from the avaliable resources in Shanghai and the local community of Xizhou. I will analyze my found data so that I am able to answer my ten big questions that are posed in Phase 1.

Background Information (from Phase 1):

What Body Language Is:

Body language is a type of communication that is nonverbal, relying on gestures and movements to convey emotions or messages. It can be used consciously or unconsciously, and either serve as a subsitute for speech or along with speech[1]. As in my topic, I will be looking more at what gestures show what emotions they are feeling as a reaction, so the information will mainly consist of facial expression, posture, gestures, and use of space. Body language can signify the attitude and personality of the person as well.

Different Emotions and How to Distinguish:

Body language is a big key to telling what emotions people are feeling. This can go anywhere from the eye movement they make to the way their arms are positioned in the moment. Something that I found interesting was that some studies have shown that although facial expressions are the most effective ways to express a specific emotion, body posture, or static posture, is better to look at when trying to find such thing like how tense a person was feeling[2]. For example, a person who feels anger may clench their fists, whilst a person who feels happiness may show more overall relaxed muscles[2]

Power Body Language/Open Body Language:

I decided to look into these two categories of body language as well, as it will be important for me to distinguish the difference between the two when I am observing relationships between people in Xizhou. When a person typically feels anger, they would typically use power body language, and open body language is used in a state of joy.

The use of power body language in anger is logical, as invasion of space if also shown in this mood, and touch is a huge part of showing one's power[3]. Another simple gesture that signifies power would include exaggerated gestures whether in talking, walking, or even standing. When talking, aggressive hand gestures such as beating with a finger or a palm could be used to show power. As for walking, exaggerated swinging of the arms and kinking elbows out in order to widen your stance would be also included. 

As for open body language, the arms and legs would not be closed in any way[4]. An important detail to look at would be the palms. If the palms are facing upwards, this gives off the feeling of a pleading gesture and shares a sense of trust with the person that is being communicated with. If the palms are sideways, but with arms rounded, the person could be offering a 'mock hug', which shows that they care for the other person.

In both of these categories of body language, the posture, more specifically the hands, are a big help to see what kind of body language is being used.

How to Stay Unobtrusive:

This means to make the people I watch or communicate with at Xizhou do not feel as though I am intruding their personal lives. This is important as pointed out by Marie W. [5], as if they feel uncomfortable, unnatural uses of body language may occur, leading to inaccurate notes in my inquiry project. Some things she discussed that made the villagers feel uncomfortable is simply staring at them. I learned from reading her research that the Xizhou community may feel especially intruded by incoming tourists who come off as disrespectful to the culture. Something especially notable is the reactions towards clothing worn by tourists (the clothing we know to be worn in Shanghai), particularly by women. It is evident that purely based off the clothing, the Xizhou community may give the tourists more "space" and make less eye contact, as they feel the tourists "do not understand" their culture. Overall, a big takaway from her inquiry research is that to stay unobstrusive, it is important to always respect their culture, as we are asking them about their lives and staying in their home. 

Another thing to note is that a lot of tourists seem to display use of power body language, signifying that they seem to think they are more powerful than the local community at Xizhou. This is especially shown when Marie stated that almost all tourists have no interaction with the villagers unless they are purchasing a product. This allows for the villagers to aim and make less contact with those tourists, so I will try hard to do nothing of the sort, as I understand that it is highly disrespectful.

Information From 3-to-5's:

As said in Phase 2, 3-5's reference conversations we have with 3-5 different people who we are already familiar with, in order to find helpful resources for our research here in Phase 3. In certain cases, convesations during your 3-5's will also reveal factual information that we should list here. However, during my 3-5's, I did not hear any facts, other than who helpful contacts would be.

Information from Local Contacts:

Mr. T[6] (3/5/2017)

Mr T. is one of the main coordinators of Microcampus. He was my support teacher today, and as we were walking towards places to people watch, we had a conversation about the Xizhou culture. During this conversation, he shared some of his knowledge regarding the difference between locals and tourists, through body language and clothing. He has been here long enough and is involved with the culture here to a point where he understands the perspective of a local.

• tourists believe Xizhou is an area that is much more wild than it is in reality
• the clothing tourists believe to be of "Dali culture" is typically not accurate
• hair weaves are a misconception
• tourists wear brighter colors than locals

Mr. Yang[7] (4/5/2017)

Mr. Yang is the owner of Old House Cafe, which is on the West side of Sifangjie. I got the chance to have a conversation and make connections wih him, while I was people watching. He is a local.

• believes that the way Xizhou culture is portrayed by tourists is not right
• tourists wear sunglasses, and locals do not (this is because locals strongly believe in the importance of connecting with eye contact, and sunglasses block that out)
• the intention of travelling for, especially Chinese tourists, is more about taking pictures and being able to tell their friends they have traveled, instead of experiencing the true culture
• believes that most tourists do not understand that money does not equal happiness
• the street on the West side of Sifangjie used to be one of the quietest in all of Xizhou
• locals tend to have darker skin color

Ms. Song[8] (5/5/2017)

Ms. Song is one of the support teachers here in Microcampus. I had chose her to be my support teacher for the day, and as we were sitting to people watch, I decided to ask her a couple questions regarding my inquiry topic. She has been here long enough to understand the perspective of a local.

• foreigners care more than chinese tourists about understanding the true culture in Xizhou
• locals choose their clothing based off function over fashion
• tourists wear high heels
• locals wear more functional hats
• tour guides can give fake information involving what is "authentic", in order to have Xizhou profit from the tourist industry

Mrs. Zhao[9] (5/5/2017)

Mrs. Zhao is the owner of the beloved Old Town Snacks resturant in Sifangjie. I have built a connection with her throughout the past week, as I always stop by when eating out to say hi. I decided to ask her some questions because being able to differ tourists from locals play a very important role on making a steady income. She is a local.

• the motorcycles locals use are made for function and can be a little older
• the motorcycles tourists rent have patterns (flowers/animal prints) on it to make it look more modern
• locals have darker skin
• locals wear more modest clothing
• tourists often wear lanyards (they go to Sifangjie for tours)
• tourists get hair weaves
• tourists are more in a hurry
• tourists wear scarves, most of them with what they think is an "authentic" pattern

Candy[10] (8/5/2017)

Candy is one of the security guards that work in the Linden Centre. She was very helpful in understanding my questions, even though the topic of Body Language was a little confusing in the beginning. She is a local.

• locals wear modest clothing
• chinese tourists tend to wear brighter colors ("Xizhou" culture) than foreigners
• you can tell that they are a tourist if they are wandering, locals would be familiar with surroundings and walk straight in one direction
• chinese tourists can be more demanding, foreigners are more understanding (regarding complaints about smaller rooms/no tv)
• tourists are louder than locals 
• locals do not wear sunglasses
• chinese tourists especially hate tanning, foreigners do not mind

Zhou Huan[11] (8/5/2017)

Zhou Huan is one of the people that work in the front desk of the  Linden Centre. I decided to chat with her because as someone who works in the front desk, she has met many of the guests who live in the Linden Centre during their visit to Xizhou as tourists. Although she is not originally a local, she has been here long enough to understand the perspective of a local.

• tourists are most intersted in souvenirs and food
• foreigners are more interested in understanding culture than the chinese tourists
• chinese tourists are often only there for photos
• chinese tourists will try to avoid sun-tanning, whilst foreigners will not care
• tourists will often keep their bags in front of them 
• even though foreigners have a language barrier when communicating with locals, they still try to make connections, whilst chinese tourists will often ignore locals unless they are buying something
• tourists wear much more revealing clothing

Ms. Zhao[12] (8/5/2017)

Ms. Zhao is another one of our support teachers. On our way to the Linden Centre, and while we were waiting for the front desk staff to finish talking with the guests, I decided it would be a good time to have a conversation with her regarding Body Language/People Watching. She is also not originally a local, but has been here long enough to understand the perspective of a local.

• the interests of young and old tourists are very different; old folks will rather go to religious places while young folks would rather go eat
• locals use fewer hand gestures than tourists
• locals use more eye contact than tourists 
• chinese tourists wear brighter colors than foreigners
• chinese tourists dress more formal, while forgeiners wear more casual clothing
• older tourists tend to be quieter (more respectful) than younger tourists

Mr. Wang[13] (9/5/2017)

Mr. Wang is one of the horse carriage drivers that I met during my inquiry work. I was not able to have a very long conversation with him, as he had other costumers to attend to, but he was one of the kindest people I have met so far. He is a local.

• locals have darker skin
• locals wear clothing very different than tourists
• the tourists can come off as louder than the locals
• most of the tourists he has taken around have been from around China
• he does not usually make contact with foreigners

Mr. Yang[14] (9/5/2017)

Mr. Yang is another horse carriage driver. He is the one who took Ms. Mai and I to Erhai and back. As this was an hour long drive in total, I got the opportunity to ask him many questions. He answered them openly, and was willing to share all the information he knew that involved my topic. Furthermore, because it was such a long trip, he shared with me some of his personal family history, and even told me about his child, who is now forty-something. He is a local. 

• foreigners do not normally take horse carriages, because they prefer walking
• most tourists do not interact with the driver, until they are paying
• the tourists dress very differently, in more revealing and more modern clothing
• locals have darker skin
• tourists think silence is awkward
• chinese tourists will sometimes go to extreme measures to avoid tanning
• tourists will wear sunglasses
• tourists will wear flower crowns/hair weaves
• tourists will also try and imitate the culture here, but do it in a different manner
• he chooses to hang around Sifangjie, knowing that most tourists will spend time there
• the older local folks are more traditional than the current generation
• local folks interact a lot with each other (he knows most of the other horse carriage drivers)
• locals walk around with a purpose, they do not wander
• to locals, the amount of eye contact determines how friendly/how trustworthy someone may be
• locals are skinnier than tourists
• chinese tourists often bring food onto his carriage, and sometimes make messes but do not clean them up
• tourists use more hand gestures

Ben 哥哥[15] (10/5/2017)

Ben is a tourist that I met in Sifangjie. He will also be here for a month, but has only arrived for three days. He has arrived from HongKong, and it was really interesting, because while I was talking to him, his friend was filming me too. He was very kind, and was willing to share his thoguhts on my topic. I have decided to count him as a chinese tourist, based off of my background knowledge and personal observations. 

• locals are older in age (generally speaking)
• locals have darker skin
• he wore his backpack in front because he was afraid of pickpocketers and thieves 
• has not noticed significant difference in clothing between locals and tourists
• thinks that hair weaves are part of local culture, but does not think that flower crowns are
• locals do not stand around in Xizhou, they have a purpose to where they are going

Stephanie[16] (10/5/2017)

Stephanie is a tourist who I met in Sifangjie as well, and was travelling with her family. She was very humorous, and after learning about my topic, asked where I thought she was from. I guessed the correct answer of Singapore, and she was more than happy to answer all my questions. After hearing that I will be here for a month, she even asked me for authentic locations for her and her family to go, as she feels that Sifangjie has been influenced by tourists. She comes from an international background, similiar to us, so I decided to count her as an international tourist or a foreigner.

• tourists wear lanyards (thinks that it is mostly chinese tourist who goes on tours)
• assumes that most people who are in Sifangjie at the time were tourists
• thinks that flower crowns are not authentic
• thinks that it is possible for hair weaves to be a part of local culture, but is not sure
• tourists always carry their phone or something to eat (does not like how they only see things through their phone, and she was not carrying a camera)
• locals have darker skin
• thinks that Sifangjie is too influenced by tourists
• does not notice a difference in clothing between locals and tourists

Mr. Luo[17] (10/5/2017)

Mr. Luo is a chinese tourist who I met by the upper gate of Sifangjie. From my observations of his body language, he seemed arrogant, as he was using many of the motions a person does to show their dominance in a situation. He was only to be here for 2 days, as he did not think Xizhou had lots of things to see. He was holding his backpack in front of him, and explained to me why during our conversation. The last thing he shared with me was what he planned to take his wife to do, after their tour of Sifangjie: get a hair weave.

• thinks that locals are not wealthy
• thinks that locals are old
• believes there are many pickpocketers (which was why he was wearing his backpack in front)
• locals have darker skin
• locals do not dress as nice
• they often take around very old bikes

Mrs. Li/Mr. Jiang/Mr. Wang[18/19/20] (11/5/2017)

Mrs. Li is a tourist who I met on the street from Sifangjie to Baochengfu. She was not that open to me talking to her, until I introduced myself as a student, who was doing a study that looks into the differences between locals and tourists. After I clarified, she was happy to answer all my questions, and felt comfortable and seemed a little arrogant regarding the topic (from my background knowledge about body language). As for Mr. Jiang, I had met him in the same place. The time I met him, I decided to introduce myself as a student the moment I met him. Turns out, he seemed comfortable sharing his opinions. Mr. Wang was another tourist I met in the same place. He was part of a group of 30+ people who had decided to come to Xizhou for a day tour. Although these three are not related and were not interviewed at the same time, I decided to categorize the information I gathered from them together, as they had many opinions that either overlapped or were identical.

• believes that locals are poorer
• thinks that locals look at people (make eye contact with tourists) to try and see if they have money to buy products, not to connect
• locals wear less modern clothes than tourists
• the bikes locals use are not as clean as the ones tourists rent
• tourists wander, and look around to see what their surroundings are
• locals are familiar with the area, and stop to converse
• locals have darker skin
• there are many locals who pickpocket
• hair weaves are not authentic
• locals tend to move slower
• locals do not smile very much
• tourists smile more
• believe locals do not laugh that much because they are always just trying to make money. On the other hand, tourists smile more, because they are here to have fun
• tourists walk in bigger groups
• tourists use more hand gestures

Ms. Sung/Ms. Li[21/22] (11/5/2017)

I met both Ms. Sung and Ms. Li between Sifangjie and Baochengfu, but at different times. They were the only two people who responded to me, as after interviewing the 3 contacts listed above, I tried going around without telling people that I was a student. In turn, many people were rude and told me that they were not interested in buying products. Eve though she responded, Ms. Sung was hesitant about answering my questions, until I finally explained why I was interviewing her. Up until I clarified my part of the situation, her friend was also showing protective body language, with her arm around Ms. Sung. Ms. Li was more open and comfortable, and I believe that is because she was walking with a guy whom she had only met in Xizhou as well. 

When interviewing each of them, I learnt that they had come to Xizhou with either one friend or individually, and both were not part of tour groups. I also learnt that both of them planned to be in the Xizhou area for at least a week. Although they also have no relation to each other, I decided to group the information collected together, as many thoughts were the same.

• tourists wear lots of sunscreen, and go to desperate measures to avoid tanning
• tourists also get hair weaves (both of them believe that hair weaves are not authentic)
• are not sure if flower crowns are authentic or not
• believe that locals move in a slower pace, are more relaxed
• tourists are usually carrying food
• think that there is a significant difference between the way locals and tourists dress
• tourists wear more revealing clothing
• however, they believe both locals and tourists wear bright colors
• tourists wander, and skim their surroundings
• tourists wear hats
• tourists wear high heels

Mr. Huang[23] (15/5/2017)

Mr. Huang is the owner of a tea shop between Sifangjie and the Linden Centre. He was incredibly kind and warm, inviting me to try different types of tea that were not even being sold in his shop! His perspective was especially interesting, as he was a person who came here as a tourist and fell in love with Xizhou, which then led him to open up a shop and begin living here. This allows him to also understand the perspective of someone who is not a tourist, even though he did not grow up here (he grew up in Chengdu).

• tourists do not realize that they are dressing differently, as they are just wearing the clothes that are a norm to their culture (every culture has a different style of clothing)
• the overall pace in movement in Xizhou is slower
• the shoes are especially different (here, people often wear cloth shoes instead of leather/hard shoes)
• although he brought his car to Xizhou from Chengdu, he does not use his car often (once a month) and has begun to take on local ways and use bicycles/walking on foot for transportation
• from my own observations, he has taken on the habits of locals and the amount of eye contact he uses is similiar to locals
• the atmosphere here is more relaxed (if the locals want to play and take a day off, no one will say anything and they will take a day off)
• he believes the lifestyle here is healthier than it would be in Chengdu (or any other big city)
• when he first came (from a tourist perspective), he thought things like hair weaves were authentic and amazing
• now that he has lived here, he realizes they are not authentic and is just part of the tourism industry
• tourists carry backpacks or small purses, and the style of those bags are very different from those of locals
• locals carry baskets
• tourists are more protective of their property (some carry backpacks in front)
• his customers are only tourists because locals have grown up with different habits (different types and prices of tea)
• older tourists know more about tea
• typically, younger tourists buy tea only for gifts to others or to tell their friends that they have been to Xizhou
• out of chinese tourists, women and men like different types of tea
• for friends back in Chengdu, will not recommend to go to places like Shuanglang (other side of Erhai), because the culture has been too influenced by the tourist industry and culture is not authentic. It is also much louder
• tourists in Shuanglang are louder and wear more revealing clothing than those in Xizhou
• worries that Xizhou may become like Shuanglang if industry goes out of control 
• he personally does not mind if tourists do not buy products, he values communication over money
• when he first came, he loved (still does) to sit in the sun, and looked for areas to sit in the sun
• found out that locals look for shade (because they have had enough sun growing up
• he is much happier in Xizhou and with the lifestyle here

Information from Personal Observations:

This is a section that I decided to add for my specific topic. This is because I am studying Body Language, which will involve me to spend lots of inquiry time people watching with either another groupmate, or my support teacher for the day. I will do a significant amount of people watching especially during the first couple days of WIPPIS time. This means that I will not be interacting with locals as much as those of other topics, so the information in my "Information from Local Contacts" section may not be as full in comparison. Below, I have included a list of differences I noticed between locals and tourists, during the duration of my people watching.


• lots of eye contact (for example: With Mr. Yang, the horse carriage driver, although he was steering the horse and "driving", he still maintained eye contact throughout our conversation, whenever he could)
• never wear sunglasses that block out eye contact
• modest work clothes 
• are very open with other locals, do not leave much room in between
• always walk in specific direction, do not wander
• old folks walk with hands behind back
• some carry baskets on their back so that they have hands to wave/interact with other locals freely
• most bags are wide open (not scared of being stolen from)
• retain natural color of hair


• sunglasses
• more revealing clothing
• almost always holding food/phone/camera
• hair weaves
• bright colors (even neons)
• synthetic tie-dye
• "traditional" patterns
• body language suggests they are just wandering, do not have an intention of getting anywhere
• flower crowns
• stop only to buy products/take photos
• gravitate towards non-authentic tie-dye for photo backgrounds
• young tourists tend to be louder 
• do not interact with locals, unless they are buying products
• travel in groups
• wear their backpacks in front (scared of being stolen from)
• louder volume
• more hand gestures
• less eye contact (in general)
• wears modern/mainstream brands 
• makeup
• lots of sunscreen
• high heels
• dyed hair

Other Observations:

when I was talking to Ben 哥哥,he thought someone (who based off my background knowledge was a tourist) was a local, just because they were older. In other words, sub-conciously generalizes all old folks as locals
• tourists spend most of their time in areas that have food/clothing shops, wanting to find "local" business. However, most of the "local" business are not of authentic culture anymore, as they have been heavily influenced by the tourist industry
• when I was talking to tourists, and did not mention that I was a student, there were a couple groups who walked away or told me "stop, I will not buy anything"
• many tourists do not stay in Xizhou for more than two days, as they do not believe there is much to see here
• some tourists do want to explore beyond food, clothing, and souvenirs, but do not know where to go outside of Sifangjie
• when one needs to gesture at an object, locals will tilt their head and move their eyes to the said object, while tourists will often point, using their hand
• from my own observations, Mr Huang[23] has taken on the habits of locals and the amount of eye contact he uses is similiar to locals, as he has moved here as a tourist but has begun living kind of like a local
• sometimes, locals will be having a very lively conversation and are very tightly knit together, but if a tourist comes by, the conversation may die down a bit
• locals tend to stay inside during hours of the "tourist rush," and spend more time outisde after
• local kids are respectful and wave to other locals who are older than them in the community
• most tourists use one-time-use rainjackets, as they did not think that there would be rain in Xizhou

Answers to Previous Questions (from Phase 1):

In this section, I will answer the 10 Big Questions that I came up with in Phase 1. Since Phase 1, I have changed some of my big questions, as the means of my inquiry project and what I have learnt follows a different direction within body language than I had originally intended. Before I got to Xizhou, I thought that I would be looking more into the concept of body language and which gestures used are most important. After getting to Xizhou, I realized that I had become more interested in knowing the differences of both body language and overall appearance between locals and tourists. Here are some of my answers after conversing with my local contacts.

1. Are locals and/or tourists aware of what body language is?
It appears that they are both not concious of what body language is and what causes body language, just like how most people in other parts the world are not familiar with their body language as well. This is evident because when I converse with people from either category, they are not familiar with the term, which means I usually have to ease into the subject in a more creative way.

2. What aspects of body language do locals think is the most important? Why?
From many of the conversations I have had with locals, it is clear that one of the most valued parts of body language is the amount of eye contact. Even if one is not aware of it at first, the amount of eye contact another person responds with can determine the level of friendliness and trust between the two. This is because they have grown up with eye contact being a norm and almost a tradition-like gesture for respect. When they are to gesture at an object, they will either tilt their head or move their eyes towards the said object.

3. What aspects of body language do tourists think is the most important? Why?
Compared to locals of Xizhou, tourists tend to use more hand gestures whilst they are talking (from both my personal observations and conversations I have had with tourists). This does not necessarily mean that they value it the most, but they use it far more often than they do eye contact. This is also because it is something that they have grown up with, which means they grew accustomed to it over time. This can be shown when they need to gesture at an object, instead of moving their eyes (like locals do), they will often point instead.

4. What are the differences between locals/tourists in the use of their sound?
As Xizhou used to be far more quiet and almost isolated, many of the locals grew up in a more peaceful atmosphere than most tourists. This means that they tend to speak in quieter voices and appreciate silence more than tourists do, as tourists tend to think of silence to be "awkward". On the other hand, tourists tend to travel in big groups (especially younger tourists), and create large amounts of noise, without considering their impact on the environment around them. It is not always the case that they do it on purpose, it is because the environment they have grown up in has a larger amount of noise.

5. From the aspects of people watching (noting their natural appearance/clothing choices) how are locals/tourists different?
Both locals and tourists that I have conversed with often bring up the difference in skin color between locals and tourists. As Xizhou is a very sunny place, those who have grown up here have much darker skin. This has been especially noted by chinese tourists (not so often foreigners), as they pay attention to skin tone, and avoid tanning as much as possible. From my personal observations, they go to extreme lengths of excessive sunscreen use, and cover up whatever skin they can. As for their clothing choices, it is widely noted that locals dress in a much more modest and functional fashion, while tourists dress in more revealing clothing (often because they want to look good for photos they send back to their friends). This fact is more noticed by locals than tourists, as it is a basic sign of respect towards locals, and most tourists do notice it.

6. How do villagers communicate with other villagers compared to with the tourists? How much space do they put in between themselves and the people around them, based off who the other person is?
From my observations, villagers tend to be comfortable with each other, as most of them have grown up with each other since childhood. Whenever they see someone they recognize, it is garunteed that they will call their name from far away and greet each other with a smile. This is usually followed with a lively conversation, where they even make plans to meet the next day. During their conversation, if a a tourist walks by, they tend to grow quieter for a minute or two, and do not further acknowledge the tourist (if the tourist pays no attention to them either). 

7. How do tourists communicate with other tourists compared to with the villagers? How much space do they put in between themselves and the people around them, based off who the other person is?
On a typical basis, tourists do not leave much room between each other. I believe this is because they understand they are all there for the same reason, and think of one another to be equally worthy. Another reason could be because when travelling in huge groups (which most chinese tourists do), it is important to stay close together so that they do not lose track of the tour guide. As for how they interact with the locals, they tend to try to walk away from them. During my research, if a tourist thought I was a local, they would ofen make rude remarks and tell me that they would not buy anything. However, if I made it clear that I was a student in the first place, they would be more willing to answer my questions and seemed more comfortable with me. 

8. How do the tourists react (body language wise) to the Xizhou lifestyle? This could include reactions to lines, service, etc.  
Body language wise, many of the tourists are very protective of themselves and those close to them. I believe this is because where most of the tourists are from, the locals are not as open or make as much eye contact as they do in Xizhou. They have also been told multiple times by tour guides and friends that there are pickpocketers here (even though they are not). Most tour guides state this as part of the tour, just because if a tourist loses something, the tour guide/tour company will not be blamed. This leads to tourists doing actions such as putting their backpack in front of them or "protecting" each other by holding hands and putting their arms around the waist, whenever a local is nearby.

9. How are the assumptions of tourists different than the reality of the locals (eye contact/clothing)?
Many of the tourists assume that locals maintain a high level of eye contact because they are trying to see if the tourist has money, and if the tourist will buy their products. In reality, the locals maintain eye contact because they believe it is a basic form of respect. On the aspect of clothing, many tourist believe that locals do not "dress as nicely", or as modernly, because they cannot afford nicer clothes. On the contrary, many locals do not wear more revealing clothing simply because it is not usually avaliable and because they believe that the purpose of function serves over fashion. 

10. How do assumptions of Xizhou culture effect the way tourists act/dress?
The assumptions of Xizhou culture effect the appearance of tourists, even before they arrive. As many assume that there is no rain in Xizhou, and that it is sunny everyday, many do not think to pack rainjackets or long sleeves. They also tend to pack more revealing clothes, as they think that it would look better on camera. This means that when it does rain in Xizhou and the weather turns cold, tourists buy one-time-use raincoats (which are not good for the environment).

As for what they do here, many tourist expect Xizhou locals to be "wild," as that is what is shown of the culture through synthetic tie-dye, hair weaves, flower crowns etc. In truth, those products are only being marketed because it fits the mindset of consumers, as most have spent there time in their "bubble". Many of them who only tour Xizhou for one or two days (because they do not believe there is much to see) invest their money into these products, thinking they can show their friends or use them as props in photos.


1. Nordquist, Richard. "The Role of Body Language in the Communication Process."ThoughtCo,, accessed April 14 2017
2. "Emotional Body Language",, accessed April 14 2017
3. "Power Body Language",, accessed April 14 2017
4. "Open Body Language.",, accessed April 14 2017
5. Marie W. Body Language: People in Xizhou, accessed April 14th 2017
6. Tafel, Craig. Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 3, 2017
7. Mr. Yang, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 4, 2017
8. Ms. Song, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 5, 2017
9. Mrs. Zhao, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 5, 2017
10. Candy, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 8, 2017
11. Huan, Zhou. Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 8, 2017
12. Ms. Zhao, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 8, 2017
13. Mr. Wang, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 9, 2017
14. Mr. Yang, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 9, 2017
15. Ben 哥哥, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 10, 2017
16. Stephanie, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 10, 2017
17. Mr. Luo, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 10, 2017
18. Mrs. Li, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 11, 2017
19. Ms. Jiang, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 11, 2017
20. Mr. Wang, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 11, 2017
21. Ms. Sung, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 11, 2017
22. Ms. Li, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 11, 2017
23. Mr. Huang, Personal Interview conducted by Mia C., May 1, 2017

Throughout this phase, I have collected information from both primary and secondary resources. I believe I am ready to move on to Phase 4, because I have collected enough data to answer my original big 10 questions as well as other questions I have added on. In the next phase, I will be preparing for my final product by gathering my thoughts. 


My name is Mia C., and I am Taiwanese. Although born in Taiwan, I am also American and Canadian. This year marks my 11th year of living in Shanghai, and my 6th year attending SAS. I enjoy trying new things and understanding the world around me, so Microcampus seemed like the perfect opportunity. The experience was more than I could have ever imagined and I hope to return to Xizhou soon.