Phase 3: Interpreting Information

Updated 6 years 6 months ago

This is all of my research and information that I have gathered before and during Microcampus.  If you are just joining me now you should probably go back to my Phase 1. Where it is this whole Inquiry Project is explained and put together.

The Flying Tigers where first composed in the summer of 1941 the main camp was in the jungles of Burma. They took to the skies protecting Southern China from the attacks of the Japanese. That is the moment where they flew in to history. [1]
The Flying Tigers where led by Commander Claire Chennault. He took a untrained and rowdy group of men and women, to become one of the best Air Force groups with a record second to none.[1][2]
Claire Chennault was recruited by Madame Chiang Kai-shek to inspect and train the Chinese air force for 3 months.[2] It most have been very hard for the Chinese to have a American come and look at their army.[1][2]
Here is a link to an interview with Charles R. Bond. Charles R. Bond, was among many soldiers ranging from low ranks officers who operated bombers to ace pilots told to go to San Francisco. By a company called CAMCO- Central Aircraft Manufacturing Co. – this was really a “front” or background for the AVG American Volunteer Group. Mr. Bond was hired and than later the squad leader of the Flying Tigers. One thing that really stands out is the Payment method. Paid by plane shot down, along with a monthly fee. That was good money back in the time.
It looks like the Flying Tiger operation was something that was kept under tight watch, basically any enemy of the Flying Tiger was not sure of their involvement until the US officially became part of WWII.

Information From 3-to-5's:

A 3-to-5 is a talk/recoding with someone preferably at the Linden Centre who could give you lots of people/sources who you could go talk concerning your Inquiry work.
My first interview was with Mr. Tafel. He is the Microcampus head and has been to XiZhou many times. Some of the things that Mr. Tafel told me are below.
Mr Yang a village member who took part in the last Microcampus service-learning project. I saw this video and I kind of cannot wait to interview Mr. Yang. He is a lively man it looks like and he is also very old. They also said Mr. Yang might know some people who are his age who now of the Flying Tigers.
Mr. Yang was also another village elder Mr. Tafel told me about. Mr. Yang lives 2 or 3 courtyards down from the Linden Center. Mr. Yang is now 94, and is a old retired lawyer and back accountant. He says Mr. Yang lived and XiZhou until he was about 20 years old. Which means he would have been around 17 or 18 when the Flying Tigers where hear.
He also told me I should talk to Mr. Linden because he knows a lot about the topic, and History
And he told me about the location of where I can find the old Flying Tiger outpost.[10]
The next person I did my 3 to 5 with was with Annalise. A staff member at the YZR (Linden Center). 
The First thing that she said, and the one I am going to investigate more. Is that she said that the a few months ago a man came and stayed at the linden center. And while at the Gallery he saw a Flying Tiger book that he said his dad was a pilot in the Flying Tiger Air Force. And I might be able to get in contact with this man. And see if I can find anything out about his Father. [9]
Mrs. Mai was the next person I interviewed. She is the Co-Head of the Microcampus. 
First she told me how I should talk to Mr. Linden. I have heard this twice now so I will defiantly peruse this topic. 
Than she told me how there is a man named Mr. Daun who worked with the government. And also went to Vietnam as a solder. And he is over 60 years old.
She than told me about a entered security guard, who used to work at the YZR. And he lives right next door, which is very convent.[8]
So to conclude with the connections, I can take away from my 3 to 5s. I say that I found a good number of sources who will lead me in this journey. For example although I think I could find more if I could have some time to talk to Mr. Linden. Which I planned him as one of my original 3 to 5s however he is busy a lot, so I decide he could be used as a source. Another reason for me deciding this is because I know from my 3 to 5s that he knows lengthy amounts on this topic. I know he knows at least more than 5 minutes worth on this topic. So it would be slightly pointless to have him as a 3 to 5. 

Information From Local Contacts:

Zhao is the name most villagers take or have in the village where the Flying Tiger radio station was located. So if you look at my sources you might see a couple with the name being Zhao. 
Mrs. Zhao was a old lady who we met while looking at the memorial, that memorializes the Flying Tigers. She is 81 years old and was born and raised in the village. Coincidently enough her son was built the memorial to the Flying Tiger. And the Flying Tiger radio station building is her ancestral building. There used to be a miny radio tower near outside the Flying Tiger Building. [3]
There was a message out side the house of Mr. and Mrs. Zhao. It said something about the street belong to all the people 
The Flying Tigers where very genuine people and seemed to be very nice. Mr. Yang remembers them giving him crackers that where really good. He also said they are all American.[5] [6]
In Kunming (where the Airport we came into is) Japanese’s bombers most have done Fly byes daily and/or often because from one source I heard that a couple times a week they have air-raid practices, or real life air raids. He remembers that the Flying Tigers would sometimes Fly over Kunming. Their outpost there was much bigger and a presence there than here in XiZhou.
The Flying Tigers assignment was not only to provide protection for the Yunnan Region. But to also provide aid and support. To decide which of the task is tougher is hard. To deliver supplies ,and to even fight, the Flying Tigers have to fly over the windy and ever dangerous airspace of the Himalayas or a.k.a. “the Hump”.[10]
There is a story of a man who saves one of the Flying Tigers. Sadly he has passed away. [9] The story is on the Linden Center website, on the page about the Flying Tiger.
Outside the Flying Tiger Building there is a "propaganda" message painted in red. What it says is this is the peoples road and the goverment made it fot them. But it has a dual meaning to. The second meaning is that the goverment will try to make the people richer more economic and just in general better.[4][7][9][20]Funnliy enough Mr. Zhao, his house carried this message, did not know what the "propaganda" meant.
The Flying Tigers where know around the XiZhou, although they where not seen or around often. They spend most of their time in the radio station. Why? There are multiple reason to support this. One they did have to maintain a certain amount of cover, because the US was not suppose to be involved in the war yet. So even if there is some one old enough 75 and older, who was alive when they where here, they still might know of them but there might not be any memories of connections with the Flying Tigers.[11][12][13]
This is the monument the reminds us of the Flying Tigers. It is Chinese on one side English on the other and the side you see is the main face. Now the person who designed this was Mrs. Zao (source 3) son he also spends a lot of time helping with the Flying Tiger building. [3]
The old Flying Tiger book, the cover alone tells you how old the book truly is. Let alone when you flip through it and you are like wow the page feel like ash held together something so microscopic its scary.[18][14] This is a true piece of history.
This tells you how to identify different types of planes, Japanese, American, and Chinese. This would be extremely helpful because the Flying Tigers would be in a dog fight and lets say they saw the markings that where on the plane. They than would know what weapons where on that plane, also the speed agility etc.[18][14]
Here is a picture that shows the ranking of generals. The pictures show the different ranking symbols for the Chinese army. This is in the Flying Tiger book that was given to probably all the American Flying Tiger soldiers.[18][14]
Here is a picture of Mr. Dong. He gave me lots of information. 
Mr.Dong remembers one day here in XiZhou the Flying Tigers flew across the sky. He counted 29 in all. He also remember that they where not just grouped they traveled in half dozen or groups of 5. But in total the 29 Flying Tigers flew across XiZhou west to east.[16]  The Flying Tiger’s most have had many airplanes and where a much bigger organization than I thought.
The origin of the Flying Tigers name is hazy, however it is a good story. Originally the Flying Tigers Leader, Claire Chennault, was unsure of what to call his new fleet. So they remained un-named for awhile. On the un-named air forces airplanes they had shark teeth painted. So villagers in towns like XiZhou so the Planes fly over them, and they though of a creature that they had never seen before the tiger. And since the "tiger teeth" where on a plane. The Chinese name for the Flying Tigers was created. Now this is not the end of the story. Claire Chennault hears of the name and he thinks over it and realizes that its actually a amazing name. Why? Because Tigers usually symbols something that is fierce, powerful and respected. And so than the unnamed team became the Flying Tigers.  [9][16] [1][2]
So there was a plane crash in lake Ear Hi. One day two Fighters where twisting around each other and a fighter came spiraling down towards the water. One person, Mr. Dong, remembers being told this and running to go check it out. As would any 10 year old boy. When he arrives the man in the plane was taken and being cared for. His plane was still in the water and the Tail was in one place and the rest of the body sat 10 meters away.[16][10] The next day a truck came and took away the plane. The truck belonged to the U.S. government and they where taking away the plane so people who where not suppose to know of the Flying Tiger’s evolvement knew and also so the Chinese villagers of XiZhou did not start taking the U.S. plane. [16]
Around the time the Flying Tigers where here, educated people like scholars, and teachers, and the right to religion was illegal back than. Where not to liked by the Chinese government. So there was a Christian collage that was hiding in the Dali region. So when a event like the plane crash (paragraph above) happened they would usually be there to help. And would help heal the soldiers. The "leader" of the collage was called Zao. He hugely benefited the Dali Region.[9] 
The Flying Tigers also had another "outpost" here in XiZhou. By the modern day highway there our two huge trees that provide a huge canopy. They had a tent set up there. From what I have heard this tent was more for supplies a was not used as much. But what I was told that was a intresting was why they chose that location. They decied to set up the Tent there because it provide a camoflouge for the tent a cover that would not be seen. [16] [9]
Something new that I learned; When I lived in Taiwan one spring break I went down to Ken-ting, the southern most part of Taiwan. While there my brother and I bought these tin/metal airplanes and helicopter. We hung them in or room for a while. Then put them in boxes once we moved to the U.S. After moving again they have resurfaced and It turns out the one that is mine is a Flying Tiger Plane.[19]( I will try to get a picture)

Answers to Previous Questions (from Phase 1):

The following questions are all questions related to physical features involving the Flying tigers and XiZhou:
1. Is there any wreckage of any of the planes around XiZhou or the surrounding areas? If there any then why are there and how did they get there?
        Not relevant anymore.
The following questions are all questions related to relationships between the Flying Tigers and XiZhou.
2. If the townspeople who remember the Flying Tiger could sum up all of their memories with the one that stands out the most, what would it be? Why have they chosen that one?
           I am guessing that most of the memories will be small things that for us might seem insignificant, however back than during the war probably made the day. This is the base of my hanger, see down below and/or phase 4.
3. Was there one member chosen in XiZhou to be responsible for contact with the Flying Tigers? If so why was this one member of the town chosen to be in contact with the Flying Tigers? And who chose the one member of the town to be in contact with the Flying Tigers (F.T.) and why only one person?
          I have found the answer to this but it is irrelevant.
4. Was contact/interaction with the Flying Tigers restricted or limited? If so why?
          I do think that interaction or communication was not restricted but however hard with the language differences.
5. Did most of the people know that the Flying Tigers were actually protecting them or did they think they were here for something else? If so did some people not like the Flying Tigers and in someway rebel against them? And why would they think the F.T. be not trying to help them?
          I am guessing that most people did now that the F.T. where protecting them.
6. What was the relationship between the people in XiZhou, and the surrounding towns, with the F.T.? And what outside forces could have influenced that relationship?
           I am guessing it was awkward but a nice relationship. This stays true.
7.  What did the town lose or gain from the Flying Tigers, besides protection?
           This is not as relevant as I thought but the town probably gained more than they lost.
The following questions all have to do with the Flying Tigers relationships between the world and China as a whole and/or the World, basically zooming out from just XiZhou.
8. And are any of the townspeople in contact with any of the Flying Tigers to date? If so why are they still in contact with them?
         It seems there where people in contact with the Flying Tiger the people where Chinese volunteers that where recruited by the Flying Tiger to help with labor and as cheap labor.
9. Did China do anything to impress the pilots if they ever stopped in the town? For example economy, lifestyle, and maybe If so why?
        No I do not think they did because they where already using all of their power to deal with the Japanese
10.   What were the sacrifices that some of the Flying Tigers had to make to become a pilot in this air force? For example privacy and family? And what was it like for the F.T. pilots to come to small rural Chinese towns from the US?
      I do not think this question is relevant anymore to the subject.
In my Phase 4 I will explain my "hanger", outline of my final project. My final questions or outline is if I could put together all the memories of the people who remember the Flying Tigers what would that picture look like. If you would like to know more about this please click here.


1. The Flying Tiger movie website or you can click here.
2. The AVG website, Or you can click here.
3. Mrs. Zhao 81 year old women
4. Mr. and Mrs. Zhao live right next to the Flying Tiger outpost.
5. Mr. Yang lives near linden center he is very nice and has been used before in service learning videos.
6. Mr. Yang old retired man who also lives near the Linden center. Very smart and some one who I enjoy spending time with him.
7. Mr. Tafel head of Microcampus, knows XiZhou very well.
8. Mrs. Mai co-head of Microcampus.
9. Annalise a co-worker with the Microcampus program, and staff member at the YZR.
10. Linden Center website, there is a page about the Flying Tiger.
11. Guards at Linden Center.
12. Xizo Tang worker at YZR.
13. Mister He a gauard at YZR. 
14. The old Flying Tiger guide book.
15. The Chinese Flying Tiger book written by Jeffery B. Greene, called When Tigers Roared. 
16. Mr. Dong a very smart and nice man who is 87 and still has a sharp memory. 
17. The tour of XiZhou, first day. 
18. Mr. Linden. 
19. Jacob E. family
20. Risa B. 



Hey Jacob,
How about putting together a TIMELINE in bullet format with 10 of the key dates in Flying Tiger History.


questions and thoughts

Hi Jacob. It seems like this morning I finally have time to really dig into your Flying Tiger research. I spent time on the websites and watched some videos of the FLying Tigers. I love how your topic ties together China, America and even Taiwan. It sounds like you have some resources in the village that you can pursue. I like your ideas of a final presentation of an art collage and a video. You are so good at both of these medias. Your camera can bring the photos of key people, places and items back to life here in Shanghai. What have you found about wreckages in the area and relationships the townspeople may have had with F.T. members? Were you able to hear back from Frank Christopher and any of Chris Roules contacts? One final question: Do you think the Flying Tigers contribution to China during these years influences decisions, discussions or USA-China relations today? Here is a favorite quote I liked from the Flying Tiger website and interview with Claire L. Chennault: "Methods of implementing the fighter-group plan developed faster than I expected. It became evident during the winter that China had a small but powerful circle of friends in the White House and Cabinet."

FT airplane in our house

Dear Jacob, Did you know that we have a flying tiger replica in our house. IT is one of the planes we bought in Kenting in Taiwan. You will love to have this when you get home. It sounds like you continue to discover information about the FT. HAve you met a specific person yet who knows several stories about them? Wasn't there an old man you were going to check in with? Were you able to get into the radio tower yet? In general, do you feel like you have gained information and have been more knowledgable about the FT role and activity in the village. If not keep going and searching. We are proud of you.

I think that the trip to your

I think that the trip to your micro campus destination was very fun and educational at the same time. I can see that you guys learned a lot from this trip already, and you guys also learned a lot of stuff from the natives of China, like farming and cropping.

Hi 你好 my name is Jacob. I was born in Taipei Taiwan. I am a American and Canadian citizen. I lived in Taiwan for 11 and a half years. I then moved to the US for 2 and now I live in Shanghai. So I am a 3rd culture kid! I love airports and traveling around the world. Never have had a Twinkie. I had a great experience at XiZhou the best part for me most likely was the silence, and of course the food.